Measuring the effectiveness of scientific gatekeeping
PNAS December 22, 2014
Abstract and paper at: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/12/17/1418218112
"We found that editors and reviewers generally made good decisions regarding which manuscripts to promote and reject. However, many highly cited articles were surprisingly rejected. Our research suggests that evaluative strategies that increase the mean quality of published science may also increase the risk of rejecting unconventional or outstanding work."